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Research Article

Extreme Levels of Noise Constitute a Key Neuromuscular Deficit in the Elderly

  • Navrag B. Singh,

    Affiliation: Julius Wolff Institute, Center for Sports Science and Sports Medicine Berlin (CSSB), Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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  • Niklas König,

    Affiliation: Julius Wolff Institute, Center for Sports Science and Sports Medicine Berlin (CSSB), Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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  • Adamantios Arampatzis,

    Affiliation: Department of Training and Movement Science, Center for Sports Science and Sports Medicine Berlin (CSSB), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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  • Markus O. Heller,

    Affiliation: Julius Wolff Institute, Center for Sports Science and Sports Medicine Berlin (CSSB), Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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  • William R. Taylor mail

    bill.taylor@charite.de

    Affiliation: Julius Wolff Institute, Center for Sports Science and Sports Medicine Berlin (CSSB), Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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  • Published: November 06, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048449

About the Authors

Navrag B. Singh, Niklas König, Markus O. Heller, William R. Taylor
Julius Wolff Institute, Center for Sports Science and Sports Medicine Berlin (CSSB), Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Adamantios Arampatzis
Department of Training and Movement Science, Center for Sports Science and Sports Medicine Berlin (CSSB), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: bill.taylor@charite.de

Competing Interests

The authors have no conflict of interest to declare.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NS NK AA MOH WRT. Performed the experiments: NS NK. Analyzed the data: NS NK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NS NK AA MOH WRT. Wrote the paper: NS NK AA MOH WRT.