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Research Article

Intra-Host Diversity and Emergence of Unique GBV-C Viral Lineages in HIV Infected Subjects in Central China

  • Haoming Wu equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Haoming Wu, Abinash Padhi, Junqiang Xu

    Affiliation: College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China

    X
  • Abinash Padhi equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Haoming Wu, Abinash Padhi, Junqiang Xu

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Junqiang Xu equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Haoming Wu, Abinash Padhi, Junqiang Xu

    Affiliation: Hubei Provincial Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuhan, Hubei, China

    X
  • Xiaoyan Gong mail,

    tienpo@sun.im.ac.cn (PT); xygong@whu.edu.cn (XG)

    Affiliation: College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China

    X
  • Po Tien mail

    tienpo@sun.im.ac.cn (PT); xygong@whu.edu.cn (XG)

    Affiliations: College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

    X
  • Published: November 12, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048417

About the Authors

Xiaoyan Gong
College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Haoming Wu, Po Tien
College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Abinash Padhi
Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Junqiang Xu
Hubei Provincial Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Po Tien
Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: XG. Performed the experiments: HW XG. Analyzed the data: AP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PT XG. Wrote the paper: XG AP HW JX PT. Patients' enrollment and follow up: JX.