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Research Article

Beaming into the Rat World: Enabling Real-Time Interaction between Rat and Human Each at Their Own Scale

  • Jean-Marie Normand,

    Affiliation: EVENT Lab, Faculty of Psychology, University of Barcelona, Spain

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  • Maria V. Sanchez-Vives,

    Affiliations: Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain, Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain

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  • Christian Waechter,

    Affiliation: Fachbereich Informatik, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany

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  • Elias Giannopoulos,

    Affiliation: EVENT Lab, Faculty of Psychology, University of Barcelona, Spain

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  • Bernhard Grosswindhager,

    Affiliation: Guger Technologies (g.tec), Schiedlberg, Austria

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  • Bernhard Spanlang,

    Affiliation: EVENT Lab, Faculty of Psychology, University of Barcelona, Spain

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  • Christoph Guger,

    Affiliation: Guger Technologies (g.tec), Schiedlberg, Austria

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  • Gudrun Klinker,

    Affiliation: Fachbereich Informatik, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany

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  • Mandayam A. Srinivasan,

    Affiliations: The Touch Lab, Research Laboratory of Electronics and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Mel Slater mail

    melslater@ub.edu

    Affiliations: EVENT Lab, Faculty of Psychology, University of Barcelona, Spain, Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain, Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: October 31, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048331

About the Authors

Jean-Marie Normand, Elias Giannopoulos, Bernhard Spanlang, Mel Slater
EVENT Lab, Faculty of Psychology, University of Barcelona, Spain
Maria V. Sanchez-Vives, Mel Slater
Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain
Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain
Christian Waechter, Gudrun Klinker
Fachbereich Informatik, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany
Bernhard Grosswindhager, Christoph Guger
Guger Technologies (g.tec), Schiedlberg, Austria
Mandayam A. Srinivasan
The Touch Lab, Research Laboratory of Electronics and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
Mandayam A. Srinivasan, Mel Slater
Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: melslater@ub.edu

Competing Interests

The authors in the paper who are employed by the company Guger Technologies are Bernhard Grosswindhager and Christoph Guger. The main business of that company is brain-computer interfaces (www.gtec.at). In the work described in this paper, these authors were responsible for implementing the robot controller. Dr Guger, the director of Guger Technologies, has sent the corresponding author an email stating that there is “no conflict of interest with the publication as it was done for research purposes.” There is a small commercial relationship between Guger Technologies and the University of Barcelona (UB). UB licenses to Guger Technologies a system that controls a virtual character that can be moved by the company’s brain-computer interface system. This has nothing to do with the work described in the present paper. Taking into account all of the above this does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MS MVSV MAS. Performed the experiments: J-MN EG. Analyzed the data: MS. Wrote the paper: MS MVSV J-MN GK CG MAS. Programming the environment: J-MN CW BG BS.