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Research Article

Tin Oxide Nanowires Suppress Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Entry and Cell-to-Cell Membrane Fusion

  • James Trigilio equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: James Trigilio, Thessicar E. Antoine

    Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Thessicar E. Antoine equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: James Trigilio, Thessicar E. Antoine

    Affiliations: Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Ingo Paulowicz,

    Affiliation: Department of Engineering, Institute for Materials Science, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany

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  • Yogendra K. Mishra,

    Affiliation: Department of Engineering, Institute for Materials Science, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany

    X
  • Rainer Adelung,

    Affiliation: Department of Engineering, Institute for Materials Science, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany

    X
  • Deepak Shukla mail

    dshukla@uic.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Published: October 24, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048147

About the Authors

James Trigilio, Thessicar E. Antoine, Deepak Shukla
Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Thessicar E. Antoine, Deepak Shukla
Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Ingo Paulowicz, Yogendra K. Mishra, Rainer Adelung
Department of Engineering, Institute for Materials Science, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: dshukla@uic.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JT TEA IP YKM RA DS. Performed the experiments: JT TEA IP. Analyzed the data: JT TEA IP YKM RA DS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RA DS. Wrote the paper: JT TEA IP DS.