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Research Article

The Head and Neck Anatomy of Sea Turtles (Cryptodira: Chelonioidea) and Skull Shape in Testudines

  • Marc E. H. Jones mail,

    marc.jones@ucl.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Research Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, UCL, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom

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  • Ingmar Werneburg,

    Affiliations: Eberhard Karls Universität, Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Tübingen, Germany, RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan, Paläontologisches Institut und Museum der Universität Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

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  • Neil Curtis,

    Affiliation: Department of Engineering, University of Hull, Hull, England, United Kingdom

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  • Rod Penrose,

    Affiliation: United Kingdom Cetacean Strandings Investigation Programme, Marine Environmental Monitoring, Penwalk, Llechryd, Caredigion, Cymru, United Kingdom

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  • Paul O’Higgins,

    Affiliation: Centre for Anatomical and Human Sciences, The Hull York Medical School, University of York, York, England, United Kingdom

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  • Michael J. Fagan,

    Affiliation: Department of Engineering, University of Hull, Hull, England, United Kingdom

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  • Susan E. Evans

    Affiliation: Research Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, UCL, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom

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  • Published: November 07, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047852

About the Authors

Marc E. H. Jones, Susan E. Evans
Research Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, UCL, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom
Ingmar Werneburg
Eberhard Karls Universität, Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Tübingen, Germany
Ingmar Werneburg
RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan
Ingmar Werneburg
Paläontologisches Institut und Museum der Universität Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Neil Curtis, Michael J. Fagan
Department of Engineering, University of Hull, Hull, England, United Kingdom
Rod Penrose
United Kingdom Cetacean Strandings Investigation Programme, Marine Environmental Monitoring, Penwalk, Llechryd, Caredigion, Cymru, United Kingdom
Paul O’Higgins
Centre for Anatomical and Human Sciences, The Hull York Medical School, University of York, York, England, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: marc.jones@ucl.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MEHJ IW SEE PO MJF NC. Performed the experiments: MEHJ IW SEE. Analyzed the data: MEHJ IW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RP. Wrote the paper: MEHJ IW. Created the computed tomography model: MEHJ. Contributed significantly to editing/revision of the submitted manuscript: SEE PO MF NC.