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Research Article

Renal IL-18 Production Is Macrophage Independent During Obstructive Injury

  • Ethan I. Franke,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Brian A. Vanderbrink,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Karen L. Hile,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Hongji Zhang,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Alexandra Cain,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Futoshi Matsui,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Kirstan K. Meldrum mail

    Kirstan.Meldrum@urology.ufl.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

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  • Published: October 12, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047417

About the Authors

Ethan I. Franke, Brian A. Vanderbrink, Karen L. Hile, Hongji Zhang, Alexandra Cain, Futoshi Matsui
Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America
Kirstan K. Meldrum
Department of Urology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: Kirstan.Meldrum@urology.ufl.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EF BV KH KM. Performed the experiments: EF BV KL HZ AC FM. Analyzed the data: EF KH KM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KM. Wrote the paper: EF KM.