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Research Article

No Biological Evidence of XMRV Infection in Cervical Smears from HIV/ HPV Positive and Negative Kenyan Women

  • Xiaotong He,

    Affiliation: Viral Oncology Laboratories, University of Manchester School of Cancer & Enabling Sciences, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Thomas D. J. Walker,

    Affiliation: Viral Oncology Laboratories, University of Manchester School of Cancer & Enabling Sciences, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Innocent O. Maranga,

    Affiliation: Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Anthony W. Oliver,

    Affiliation: Viral Oncology Laboratories, University of Manchester School of Cancer & Enabling Sciences, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Lynne Hampson,

    Affiliation: Viral Oncology Laboratories, University of Manchester School of Cancer & Enabling Sciences, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Ian N. Hampson mail

    ian.hampson@manchester.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Viral Oncology Laboratories, University of Manchester School of Cancer & Enabling Sciences, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Published: October 08, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047208

About the Authors

Xiaotong He, Thomas D. J. Walker, Anthony W. Oliver, Lynne Hampson, Ian N. Hampson
Viral Oncology Laboratories, University of Manchester School of Cancer & Enabling Sciences, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom
Innocent O. Maranga
Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Corresponding Author

Email: ian.hampson@manchester.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: INH LH XH AO. Performed the experiments: XH TW. Analyzed the data: XH TW. Wrote the paper: LH INH AO TW IOM. Responsible for sample collection: IOM.