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Research Article

The Effect of the California Tobacco Control Program on Smoking Prevalence, Cigarette Consumption, and Healthcare Costs: 1989–2008

  • James Lightwood mail,

    lightwoodj@pharmacy.ucsf.edu

    Affiliation: School of Pharmacy and Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Stanton A. Glantz

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, and Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Published: February 13, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047145

About the Authors

James Lightwood
School of Pharmacy and Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Stanton A. Glantz
Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, and Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: lightwoodj@pharmacy.ucsf.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JL SG. Analyzed the data: JL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JL SG. Wrote the paper: JL SG.