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Research Article

Smoking, BCG and Employment and the Risk of Tuberculosis Infection in HIV-Infected Persons in South Africa

  • Tolu Oni mail,

    tolullahoni@doctors.org.uk

    Affiliations: Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Division of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Hannah P. Gideon,

    Affiliation: Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Nonzwakazi Bangani,

    Affiliation: Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Relebohile Tsekela,

    Affiliation: Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Ronnett Seldon,

    Affiliation: Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Kathryn Wood,

    Affiliation: Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Katalin A. Wilkinson,

    Affiliations: Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Medical Research Council, National Institute for Medical Research, London, United Kingdom

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  • Rene T. Goliath,

    Affiliation: Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Tom H. M. Ottenhoff,

    Affiliation: Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Robert J. Wilkinson

    Affiliations: Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Division of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, Medical Research Council, National Institute for Medical Research, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: October 09, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047072

About the Authors

Tolu Oni, Hannah P. Gideon, Nonzwakazi Bangani, Relebohile Tsekela, Ronnett Seldon, Kathryn Wood, Katalin A. Wilkinson, Rene T. Goliath, Robert J. Wilkinson
Clinical Infectious Disease Research Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Tolu Oni, Robert J. Wilkinson
Division of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Katalin A. Wilkinson, Robert J. Wilkinson
Medical Research Council, National Institute for Medical Research, London, United Kingdom
Tom H. M. Ottenhoff
Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: tolullahoni@doctors.org.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TO RJW. Performed the experiments: TO HPG RT NB RS KW RTG. Analyzed the data: TO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KAW THMO RJW. Wrote the paper: TO RJW.