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Research Article

Spontaneous Emergence, Imitation and Spread of Alternative Foraging Techniques among Groups of Vervet Monkeys

  • Erica van de Waal,

    Affiliations: Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, and Scottish Primate Research Group, University of St Andrews, School of Psychology, St Andrews, United Kingdom, Inkawu Vervet Project, Mawana Game Reserve, Swart Mfolozi, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa

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  • Andrew Whiten mail

    aw2@st-andrews.ac.uk

    Affiliations: Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, and Scottish Primate Research Group, University of St Andrews, School of Psychology, St Andrews, United Kingdom, Inkawu Vervet Project, Mawana Game Reserve, Swart Mfolozi, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa

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  • Published: October 10, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047008

About the Authors

Erica van de Waal, Andrew Whiten
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, and Scottish Primate Research Group, University of St Andrews, School of Psychology, St Andrews, United Kingdom
Erica van de Waal, Andrew Whiten
Inkawu Vervet Project, Mawana Game Reserve, Swart Mfolozi, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa

Corresponding Author

Email: aw2@st-andrews.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EW AW. Performed the experiments: EW. Analyzed the data: EW AW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EW AW. Wrote the paper: EW AW.