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Research Article

Background Rates of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes for Assessing the Safety of Maternal Vaccine Trials in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Lauren A. V. Orenstein,

    Affiliations: Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Centre pour le Développement des Vaccins-Mali, Bamako, Mali

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  • Evan W. Orenstein,

    Affiliations: Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Centre pour le Développement des Vaccins-Mali, Bamako, Mali

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  • Ibrahima Teguete,

    Affiliation: Gabriel Touré Teaching Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bamako, Mali

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  • Mamoudou Kodio,

    Affiliation: Centre pour le Développement des Vaccins-Mali, Bamako, Mali

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  • Milagritos Tapia,

    Affiliations: Centre pour le Développement des Vaccins-Mali, Bamako, Mali, Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Samba O. Sow,

    Affiliations: Centre pour le Développement des Vaccins-Mali, Bamako, Mali, Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Myron M. Levine mail

    MLevine@medicine.umaryland.edu

    Affiliation: Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: October 04, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046638

About the Authors

Lauren A. V. Orenstein, Evan W. Orenstein
Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Lauren A. V. Orenstein, Evan W. Orenstein, Mamoudou Kodio, Milagritos Tapia, Samba O. Sow
Centre pour le Développement des Vaccins-Mali, Bamako, Mali
Ibrahima Teguete
Gabriel Touré Teaching Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bamako, Mali
Milagritos Tapia, Samba O. Sow, Myron M. Levine
Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: MLevine@medicine.umaryland.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LAVO EWO MT SOS MML. Performed the experiments: LAVO EWO IT MK MML. Analyzed the data: LAVO EWO. Wrote the paper: LAVO EWO IT MK SOS MT MML.