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Research Article

Ecological Factors Driving Avian Influenza Virus Dynamics in Spanish Wetland Ecosystems

  • Elisa Pérez-Ramírez mail,

    elisaperezramirez@gmail.com

    Affiliation: Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC), UCLM-JCCM-CSIC, Ciudad Real, Spain

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  • Pelayo Acevedo,

    Affiliations: Biogeography, Diversity and Conservation Research Team, Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Malaga, Málaga, Spain, Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), UAB-IRTA, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Alberto Allepuz,

    Affiliations: Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), UAB-IRTA, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain, Departament de Sanitat i Anatomia Animals, Facultat Veterinària, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Xeider Gerrikagoitia,

    Affiliation: NEIKER-Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Animal Health Department, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain

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  • Anna Alba,

    Affiliation: Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), UAB-IRTA, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Núria Busquets,

    Affiliation: Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), UAB-IRTA, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Sandra Díaz-Sánchez,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC), UCLM-JCCM-CSIC, Ciudad Real, Spain

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  • Vega Álvarez,

    Affiliation: NEIKER-Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Animal Health Department, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain

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  • Francesc Xavier Abad,

    Affiliation: Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), UAB-IRTA, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Marta Barral,

    Affiliation: NEIKER-Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Animal Health Department, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain

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  • Natàlia Majó,

    Affiliations: Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), UAB-IRTA, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain, Departament de Sanitat i Anatomia Animals, Facultat Veterinària, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Ursula Höfle

    Affiliation: Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC), UCLM-JCCM-CSIC, Ciudad Real, Spain

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  • Published: November 12, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046418

About the Authors

Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Sandra Díaz-Sánchez, Ursula Höfle
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC), UCLM-JCCM-CSIC, Ciudad Real, Spain
Pelayo Acevedo
Biogeography, Diversity and Conservation Research Team, Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Malaga, Málaga, Spain
Pelayo Acevedo, Alberto Allepuz, Anna Alba, Núria Busquets, Francesc Xavier Abad, Natàlia Majó
Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), UAB-IRTA, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Alberto Allepuz, Natàlia Majó
Departament de Sanitat i Anatomia Animals, Facultat Veterinària, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Xeider Gerrikagoitia, Vega Álvarez, Marta Barral
NEIKER-Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario, Animal Health Department, Derio, Bizkaia, Spain

Corresponding Author

Email: elisaperezramirez@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: UH NM MB EPR PA A. Allepuz A. Alba. Performed the experiments: EPR SDS UH NB A. Allepuz A. Alba FA VA MB XG. Analyzed the data: PA EPR A. Allepuz A. Alba. Wrote the paper: EPR PA A. Allepuz XG A. Alba NB SDS VA FA MB NM UH.