Advertisement
Research Article

Earliest Porotic Hyperostosis on a 1.5-Million-Year-Old Hominin, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

  • Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo mail,

    m.dominguez.rodrigo@gmail.com

    Affiliations: IDEA (Instituto de Evolución en África), Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain, Department of Prehistory, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • Travis Rayne Pickering,

    Affiliations: Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America, Institute for Human Evolution, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, Plio-Pleistocene Palaeontology Section, Department of Vertebrates, Ditsong National Museum of Natural History (Transvaal Museum), Pretoria, South Africa

    X
  • Fernando Diez-Martín,

    Affiliation: Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain

    X
  • Audax Mabulla,

    Affiliation: Archaeology Unit, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    X
  • Charles Musiba,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

    X
  • Gonzalo Trancho,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • Enrique Baquedano,

    Affiliations: IDEA (Instituto de Evolución en África), Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain, Museo Arqueológico Regional, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • Henry T. Bunn,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

    X
  • Doris Barboni,

    Affiliation: CEREGE (Centre Européen de Recherche et d'Enseignement des Géosciences de l'Environnement) Aix-Marseille Université (AMU/CNRS/IRD/Collège de France), BP80, Aix-en-Provence, France

    X
  • Manuel Santonja,

    Affiliation: CENIEH (Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana), Burgos, Spain

    X
  • David Uribelarrea,

    Affiliation: Department of Geodynamics, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • Gail M. Ashley,

    Affiliation: Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, United States of America

    X
  • María del Sol Martínez-Ávila,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • Rebeca Barba,

    Affiliation: IDEA (Instituto de Evolución en África), Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • Agness Gidna,

    Affiliation: IDEA (Instituto de Evolución en África), Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • José Yravedra,

    Affiliation: Department of Prehistory, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • Carmen Arriaza

    Affiliations: IDEA (Instituto de Evolución en África), Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain, Museo Arqueológico Regional, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • Published: October 03, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046414

About the Authors

Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Enrique Baquedano, Rebeca Barba, Agness Gidna, Carmen Arriaza
IDEA (Instituto de Evolución en África), Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain
Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, José Yravedra
Department of Prehistory, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Travis Rayne Pickering, Henry T. Bunn
Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
Travis Rayne Pickering
Institute for Human Evolution, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Travis Rayne Pickering
Plio-Pleistocene Palaeontology Section, Department of Vertebrates, Ditsong National Museum of Natural History (Transvaal Museum), Pretoria, South Africa
Fernando Diez-Martín
Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
Audax Mabulla
Archaeology Unit, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Charles Musiba
Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, United States of America
Gonzalo Trancho, María del Sol Martínez-Ávila
Department of Anthropology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Enrique Baquedano, Carmen Arriaza
Museo Arqueológico Regional, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
Doris Barboni
CEREGE (Centre Européen de Recherche et d'Enseignement des Géosciences de l'Environnement) Aix-Marseille Université (AMU/CNRS/IRD/Collège de France), BP80, Aix-en-Provence, France
Manuel Santonja
CENIEH (Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana), Burgos, Spain
David Uribelarrea
Department of Geodynamics, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Gail M. Ashley
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: m.dominguez.rodrigo@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MDR TRP CM GT MM-A. Performed the experiments: MDR TRP CM GT MM-A. Analyzed the data: MDR TRP CM GT MM-A. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AM FDM EB HTB DB MS DU GMA RB AG JY CA. Wrote the paper: MDR TRP. Excavation: AM FDM EB DU GMA RB AG JY CA.