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Research Article

Inappropriate Fiddling with Statistical Analyses to Obtain a Desirable P-value: Tests to Detect its Presence in Published Literature

  • Gary L. Gadbury mail,

    gadbury@ksu.edu (GLG); Dallison@UAB.edu (DBA)

    Affiliation: Department of Statistics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

    X
  • David B. Allison mail

    gadbury@ksu.edu (GLG); Dallison@UAB.edu (DBA)

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

    X
  • Published: October 08, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046363

About the Authors

Gary L. Gadbury
Department of Statistics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America
David B. Allison
Department of Biostatistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

I have read the journal’s policy and have the following conflicts. Dr. Allison has, anticipates, or has had financial interests with the Frontiers Foundation; Vivus, Inc; Kraft Foods; University of Wisconsin; University of Arizona; Paul, Weiss, Wharton & Garrison LLP; and Sage Publications. This study was funded by Coca Cola. There are no declarations of employment, consultancy, patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter our adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials, as detailed online in the guide for authors.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DBA. Performed the experiments: DBA GLG. Analyzed the data: DBA GLG. Wrote the paper: DBA GLG.