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Research Article

Genuine and Spurious Phase Synchronization Strengths during Consciousness and General Anesthesia

  • UnCheol Lee mail,

    uclee@med.umich.edu

    Affiliation: Division of Neuroanesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • HeonSoo Lee,

    Affiliations: Division of Neuroanesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Department of Physics, POSTECH, Pohang, South Korea

    X
  • Markus Müller,

    Affiliation: Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Centro Internacional de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México

    X
  • Gyu-Jeong Noh,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

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  • George A. Mashour

    Affiliations: Division of Neuroanesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

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  • Published: October 02, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046313

About the Authors

UnCheol Lee, HeonSoo Lee, George A. Mashour
Division of Neuroanesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
HeonSoo Lee
Department of Physics, POSTECH, Pohang, South Korea
Markus Müller
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Centro Internacional de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México
Gyu-Jeong Noh
Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
George A. Mashour
Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: uclee@med.umich.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: UCL GAM. Performed the experiments: GJN. Analyzed the data: UCL HSL MM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GJN. Wrote the paper: UCL HSL MM GAM.