About the Authors
- Tomo-o Watsuji, Hisako Hirayama, Shinsuke Kawagucci, Ken Takai
- Subsurface Geobiology Advanced Research Team (SUGAR), Extremobiosphere Research Program (XBR), Institute of Biogeosciences, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan
- Manabu Nishizawa
- Precambrian Ecosystem Laboratory, JAMSTEC, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan
- Yuki Morono
- Geomicrobiology Group, Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, JAMSTEC, Nankoku, Kochi, Japan
- Naoto Takahata, Yuji Sano
- Atomosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan
The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
Conceived and designed the experiments: TW KT. Performed the experiments: TW MN. Analyzed the data: YM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HH SK NT YS. Wrote the paper: TW. Provided input on manuscript: HH SK NT YS KT MN YM.