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Research Article

Frequency of Infant Stroking Reported by Mothers Moderates the Effect of Prenatal Depression on Infant Behavioural and Physiological Outcomes

  • Helen Sharp mail,

    hmsharp@liverpool.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Andrew Pickles,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Michael Meaney,

    Affiliation: Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

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  • Kate Marshall,

    Affiliation: Mental Health and Neurodegeneration Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Florin Tibu,

    Affiliation: Mental Health and Neurodegeneration Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Jonathan Hill

    Affiliation: Mental Health and Neurodegeneration Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Published: October 16, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045446

About the Authors

Helen Sharp
Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Andrew Pickles
Department of Biostatistics, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
Michael Meaney
Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Kate Marshall, Florin Tibu, Jonathan Hill
Mental Health and Neurodegeneration Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: hmsharp@liverpool.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JH HS AP. Performed the experiments: KM FT. Analyzed the data: JH AP HS. Wrote the paper: HS AP MM FT KM JH.