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Research Article

Boundary Conditions for Heat Transfer and Evaporative Cooling in the Trachea and Air Sac System of the Domestic Fowl: A Two-Dimensional CFD Analysis

  • Nina S. Sverdlova mail,

    sverdlova@lmk.rub.de

    Affiliation: Institute for Product and Service Engineering, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany

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  • Markus Lambertz,

    Affiliation: Institute for Zoology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Bonn, Germany

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  • Ulrich Witzel,

    Affiliation: Institute for Product and Service Engineering, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany

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  • Steven F. Perry

    Affiliation: Institute for Zoology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Bonn, Germany

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  • Published: September 20, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045315

About the Authors

Nina S. Sverdlova, Ulrich Witzel
Institute for Product and Service Engineering, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany
Markus Lambertz, Steven F. Perry
Institute for Zoology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: sverdlova@lmk.rub.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NSS ML SFP UW. Performed the experiments: NSS ML SFP. Analyzed the data: NSS ML. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SFP UW. Wrote the paper: NSS SFP ML.