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Research Article

Cyclosporine A Enhances Th2 Bias at the Maternal-Fetal Interface in Early Human Pregnancy with Aid of the Interaction between Maternal and Fetal Cells

  • Hai-Lan Piao equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Hai-Lan Piao, Song-Cun Wang

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China

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  • Song-Cun Wang equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Hai-Lan Piao, Song-Cun Wang

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China

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  • Yu Tao,

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China

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  • Rui Zhu,

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China

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  • Chan Sun,

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China

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  • Qiang Fu,

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China

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  • Mei-Rong Du mail,

    dmrlq1973@yahoo.com.cn (M-RD); djli@shmu.edu.cn (D-JL)

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China

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  • Da-Jin Li mail

    dmrlq1973@yahoo.com.cn (M-RD); djli@shmu.edu.cn (D-JL)

    Affiliations: Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hainan Medical College Affiliated Hospital, Haikou, China

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  • Published: September 27, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045275

About the Authors

Hai-Lan Piao, Song-Cun Wang, Yu Tao, Rui Zhu, Chan Sun, Qiang Fu, Mei-Rong Du, Da-Jin Li
Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China
Da-Jin Li
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hainan Medical College Affiliated Hospital, Haikou, China

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: H-LP S-CW M-RD D-JL. Performed the experiments: H-LP S-CW YT RZ CS QF M-RD. Analyzed the data: H-LP M-RD D-JL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: H-LP S-CW RZ YT CS QF M-RD. Drafting of the manuscript: M-RD. Revision of manuscript: M-RD YT D-JL.