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Research Article

Beeswax as Dental Filling on a Neolithic Human Tooth

  • Federico Bernardini mail,

    fbernard@ictp.it

    Affiliation: Multidisciplinary Laboratory, “Abdus Salam” International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy

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  • Claudio Tuniz,

    Affiliations: Multidisciplinary Laboratory, “Abdus Salam” International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy, Centre for Archaeological Science, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Alfredo Coppa,

    Affiliation: Department of Environmental Biology, University “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy

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  • Lucia Mancini,

    Affiliation: Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., AREA Science Park, Basovizza (Trieste), Italy

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  • Diego Dreossi,

    Affiliation: Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., AREA Science Park, Basovizza (Trieste), Italy

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  • Diane Eichert,

    Affiliation: Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., AREA Science Park, Basovizza (Trieste), Italy

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  • Gianluca Turco,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy

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  • Matteo Biasotto,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy

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  • Filippo Terrasi,

    Affiliation: CIRCE, INNOVA and Department of Environmental Sciences, 2nd University of Naples, Caserta, Italy

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  • Nicola De Cesare,

    Affiliation: CIRCE, INNOVA and Department of Life Sciences, 2nd University of Naples, Caserta, Italy

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  • Quan Hua,

    Affiliation: Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Vladimir Levchenko

    Affiliation: Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Published: September 19, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044904

About the Authors

Federico Bernardini, Claudio Tuniz
Multidisciplinary Laboratory, “Abdus Salam” International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy
Claudio Tuniz
Centre for Archaeological Science, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
Alfredo Coppa
Department of Environmental Biology, University “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy
Lucia Mancini, Diego Dreossi, Diane Eichert
Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., AREA Science Park, Basovizza (Trieste), Italy
Gianluca Turco, Matteo Biasotto
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
Filippo Terrasi
CIRCE, INNOVA and Department of Environmental Sciences, 2nd University of Naples, Caserta, Italy
Nicola De Cesare
CIRCE, INNOVA and Department of Life Sciences, 2nd University of Naples, Caserta, Italy
Quan Hua, Vladimir Levchenko
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, New South Wales, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: fbernard@ictp.it

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FB CT. Performed the experiments: FB MB NDC DD DE QH VL LM FT CT GT. Analyzed the data: FB MB AC NDC DD DE QH VL LM FT CT GT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FB MB NDC DD DE QH VL LM FT CT GT. Wrote the paper: FB AC CT.