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Research Article

Eradication of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilms by Atmospheric Pressure Non-Thermal Plasma

  • Mahmoud Y. Alkawareek,

    Affiliation: School of Pharmacy, Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom

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  • Qais Th. Algwari,

    Affiliations: Centre for Plasma Physics, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom, Department of Electronics, College of Electronic Engineering, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq

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  • Garry Laverty,

    Affiliation: School of Pharmacy, Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom

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  • Sean P. Gorman,

    Affiliation: School of Pharmacy, Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom

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  • William G. Graham,

    Affiliation: Centre for Plasma Physics, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom

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  • Deborah O'Connell,

    Affiliations: Centre for Plasma Physics, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom, York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, York, United Kingdom

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  • Brendan F. Gilmore mail

    b.gilmore@qub.ac.uk

    Affiliation: School of Pharmacy, Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom

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  • Published: August 31, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044289

About the Authors

Mahmoud Y. Alkawareek, Garry Laverty, Sean P. Gorman, Brendan F. Gilmore
School of Pharmacy, Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom
Qais Th. Algwari, William G. Graham, Deborah O'Connell
Centre for Plasma Physics, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom
Deborah O'Connell
York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, York, United Kingdom
Qais Th. Algwari
Department of Electronics, College of Electronic Engineering, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq

Corresponding Author

Email: b.gilmore@qub.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MYA QTA SPG WGG DO BFG. Performed the experiments: MYA QTA. Analyzed the data: MYA QTA GL WGG DO BFG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MYA DO BFG. Wrote the paper: MYA QTA WGG DO BFG.