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Research Article

Transparent Soil for Imaging the Rhizosphere

  • Helen Downie,

    Affiliations: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom, The SIMBIOS Centre, University of Abertay Dundee, Bell Street, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Nicola Holden,

    Affiliation: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Wilfred Otten,

    Affiliation: The SIMBIOS Centre, University of Abertay Dundee, Bell Street, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Andrew J. Spiers,

    Affiliation: The SIMBIOS Centre, University of Abertay Dundee, Bell Street, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Tracy A. Valentine,

    Affiliation: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Lionel X. Dupuy mail

    Lionel.Dupuy@Hutton.ac.uk

    Affiliation: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Published: September 11, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044276

About the Authors

Helen Downie, Nicola Holden, Tracy A. Valentine, Lionel X. Dupuy
The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom
Helen Downie, Wilfred Otten, Andrew J. Spiers
The SIMBIOS Centre, University of Abertay Dundee, Bell Street, Dundee, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: Lionel.Dupuy@Hutton.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HD NH WO AJS TAV LXD. Performed the experiments: HD. Analyzed the data: HD LXD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HD LXD. Wrote the paper: HD NH WO AJS TAV LXD.