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Research Article

The Study of HIV and Antenatal Care Integration in Pregnancy in Kenya: Design, Methods, and Baseline Results of a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Janet M. Turan mail,

    jmturan@uab.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Rachel L. Steinfeld,

    Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Maricianah Onono,

    Affiliation: Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Elizabeth A. Bukusi,

    Affiliations: Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Meghan Woods,

    Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Starley B. Shade,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Sierra Washington,

    Affiliation: Department of OBGYN and Women’s Health, Albert Einstein School of Medicine, Bronx, New York, United States of America

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  • Reson Marima,

    Affiliation: Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Jeremy Penner,

    Affiliation: Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Marta L. Ackers,

    Affiliation: Center for Global Health, Division of Global HIV/AIDS, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha,

    Affiliation: Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Craig R. Cohen

    Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Published: September 06, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044181
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Janet M. Turan
Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America
Janet M. Turan, Rachel L. Steinfeld, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Meghan Woods, Craig R. Cohen
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Maricianah Onono, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Jeremy Penner
Centre for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
Starley B. Shade
Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Sierra Washington
Department of OBGYN and Women’s Health, Albert Einstein School of Medicine, Bronx, New York, United States of America
Reson Marima
Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
Marta L. Ackers
Center for Global Health, Division of Global HIV/AIDS, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Corresponding Author

Email: jmturan@uab.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JMT CRC EB SW SS MA RM JP DM. Performed the experiments: MO RS MW. Analyzed the data: JMT SS. Wrote the paper: JMT MO RS MW. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: JMT RS MW MO CRC EB SW SS MA RM JP DM.