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Research Article

Functional Biogeography of Ocean Microbes Revealed through Non-Negative Matrix Factorization

  • Xingpeng Jiang equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Xingpeng Jiang, Morgan G. I. Langille

    Affiliation: College of Information Science and Technology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    Current address: Department of Biology and M. G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Morgan G. I. Langille equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Xingpeng Jiang, Morgan G. I. Langille

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

    Current address: Genome Center, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • Russell Y. Neches,

    Affiliation: Genome Center and Microbiology Graduate Group, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • Marie Elliot,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and M. G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Simon A. Levin,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

    X
  • Jonathan A. Eisen,

    Affiliations: Genome Center and Microbiology Graduate Group, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America, Department of Evolution and Ecology, Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • Joshua S. Weitz mail,

    jsweitz@gatech.edu (JW); dushoff@mcmaster.ca (JD)

    Affiliation: School of Biology and School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Jonathan Dushoff mail

    jsweitz@gatech.edu (JW); dushoff@mcmaster.ca (JD)

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and M. G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Published: September 18, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043866

About the Authors

Xingpeng Jiang
College of Information Science and Technology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Morgan G. I. Langille
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Russell Y. Neches, Jonathan A. Eisen
Genome Center and Microbiology Graduate Group, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
Marie Elliot, Jonathan Dushoff
Department of Biology and M. G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Simon A. Levin
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Jonathan A. Eisen
Department of Evolution and Ecology, Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
Joshua S. Weitz
School of Biology and School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: XJ ML RN ME SL JE JW JD. Performed the experiments: XJ ML RN. Analyzed the data: XJ ML RN JE JW JD ME. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: XJ ML RN JE JW JD. Wrote the paper: XJ ML RN ME SL JE JW JD.