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Research Article

Pathogen Webs in Collapsing Honey Bee Colonies

  • R. Scott Cornman,

    Affiliation: Bee Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • David R. Tarpy,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Yanping Chen,

    Affiliation: Bee Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Lacey Jeffreys,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Dawn Lopez,

    Affiliation: Bee Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Jeffery S. Pettis,

    Affiliation: Bee Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Dennis vanEngelsdorp,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Jay D. Evans mail

    Jay.evans@ars.usda.gov

    Affiliation: Bee Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: August 21, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043562

About the Authors

R. Scott Cornman, Yanping Chen, Dawn Lopez, Jeffery S. Pettis, Jay D. Evans
Bee Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America
David R. Tarpy, Lacey Jeffreys
Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America
Dennis vanEngelsdorp
Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: Jay.evans@ars.usda.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JDE JSP DV DT YC. Performed the experiments: DL LJ DT DV JSP. Analyzed the data: RSC JDE. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: YC JDE DV JSP DT. Wrote the paper: RSC JDE.