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Research Article

Supply of Neuraminidase Inhibitors Related to Reduced Influenza A (H1N1) Mortality during the 2009–2010 H1N1 Pandemic: An Ecological Study

  • Paula E. Miller equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Paula E. Miller, Aksharananda Rambachan

    Affiliation: Department of Statistics, Saint Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota, United States of America

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  • Aksharananda Rambachan equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Paula E. Miller, Aksharananda Rambachan

    Affiliation: Department of Statistics, Saint Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Roderick J. Hubbard,

    Affiliation: Department of Statistics, Saint Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota, United States of America

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  • Jiabai Li,

    Affiliation: Department of Statistics, Saint Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Alison E. Meyer,

    Affiliation: Department of Statistics, Saint Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Peter Stephens,

    Affiliation: IMS Health, London, United Kingdom

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  • Anthony W. Mounts,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

    X
  • Melissa A. Rolfes mail,

    riede056@umn.edu

    Affiliation: Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

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  • Charles R. Penn

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Published: September 11, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043491

About the Authors

Paula E. Miller, Aksharananda Rambachan, Roderick J. Hubbard, Jiabai Li, Alison E. Meyer
Department of Statistics, Saint Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota, United States of America
Peter Stephens
IMS Health, London, United Kingdom
Anthony W. Mounts, Charles R. Penn
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Melissa A. Rolfes
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: riede056@umn.edu

Competing Interests

Peter Stephens, one of the co-authors, is employed by IMS Health. IMS Health is paid by the pharmaceutical industry and governments around the world to collect, analyze and/or consult on patterns relating to the consumption of medicines, including the manufacturers of the two medicines described in this study. No payments to IMS Health or Peter Stephens were made for this analysis. None of the other authors have any potential conflicts of interest to report. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PEM AR RJH JL AEM MAR PS CRP AWM. Analyzed the data: PEM AR RJH JL AEM MAR CRP AWM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PS CRP AWM. Wrote the paper: PEM AR RJH JL AEM MAR PS CRP AWM.