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Research Article

Rock Sparrow Song Reflects Male Age and Reproductive Success

  • Erwin Nemeth mail,

    enemeth@orn.mpg.de

    Affiliations: Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Communication and Social Behaviour Group, Seewiesen, Germany, University of Vienna, Department of Behavioural Biology, Vienna, Austria

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  • Bart Kempenaers,

    Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Communication and Social Behaviour Group, Seewiesen, Germany

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  • Giuliano Matessi,

    Affiliation: University of Copenhagen, Department of Biology, Animal Behaviour Group, Copenhagen, Denmark

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  • Henrik Brumm

    Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Communication and Social Behaviour Group, Seewiesen, Germany

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  • Published: August 23, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043259

About the Authors

Erwin Nemeth, Bart Kempenaers, Henrik Brumm
Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Communication and Social Behaviour Group, Seewiesen, Germany
Erwin Nemeth
University of Vienna, Department of Behavioural Biology, Vienna, Austria
Giuliano Matessi
University of Copenhagen, Department of Biology, Animal Behaviour Group, Copenhagen, Denmark

Corresponding Author

Email: enemeth@orn.mpg.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HB EN GM BK. Performed the experiments: EN HB GM. Analyzed the data: EN HB. Wrote the paper: EN HB BK GM. Analyzed the genetic data: BK.