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Research Article

Gram Stains: A Resource for Retrospective Analysis of Bacterial Pathogens in Clinical Studies

  • Usha Srinivasan mail,

    usha@umich.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Sreelatha Ponnaluri,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Lisa Villareal,

    Affiliation: Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Michigan Medical Genetics Laboratories, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Brenda Gillespie,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Ai Wen,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Arianna Miles,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Brigette Bucholz,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Carl F. Marrs,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Ram K. Iyer,

    Affiliation: Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Michigan Medical Genetics Laboratories, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Dawn Misra,

    Affiliation: Department of Family Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Betsy Foxman

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Published: October 11, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042898

About the Authors

Usha Srinivasan, Sreelatha Ponnaluri, Ai Wen, Arianna Miles, Brigette Bucholz, Carl F. Marrs, Betsy Foxman
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
Lisa Villareal, Ram K. Iyer
Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Michigan Medical Genetics Laboratories, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
Brenda Gillespie
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
Dawn Misra
Department of Family Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: usha@umich.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: US AW BG CFM BF RKI. Performed the experiments: SP AM BB LV. Analyzed the data: US AW BG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DM. Wrote the paper: US BF.