Advertisement
Research Article

Interacting Factors Driving a Major Loss of Large Trees with Cavities in a Forest Ecosystem

  • David B. Lindenmayer mail,

    david.lindenmayer@anu.edu.au

    Affiliations: Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, and The National Environment Research Program, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

    X
  • Wade Blanchard,

    Affiliation: Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

    X
  • Lachlan McBurney,

    Affiliation: Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

    X
  • David Blair,

    Affiliation: Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

    X
  • Sam Banks,

    Affiliation: Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

    X
  • Gene E. Likens,

    Affiliation: Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Jerry F. Franklin,

    Affiliation: School of Environmental and Forest Science, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • William F. Laurance,

    Affiliation: Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia

    X
  • John A. R. Stein,

    Affiliation: Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

    X
  • Philip Gibbons

    Affiliations: Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, and The National Environment Research Program, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

    X
  • Published: October 05, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041864

About the Authors

David B. Lindenmayer, Wade Blanchard, Lachlan McBurney, David Blair, Sam Banks, John A. R. Stein, Philip Gibbons
Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
David B. Lindenmayer, Philip Gibbons
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, and The National Environment Research Program, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
Gene E. Likens
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York, United States of America
Jerry F. Franklin
School of Environmental and Forest Science, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
William F. Laurance
Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: david.lindenmayer@anu.edu.au

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DBL WB LM DB SB PG. Performed the experiments: DBL WB LM DB SB PG. Analyzed the data: DBL WB LM DB SB GEL JFF WFL JARS PG. Wrote the paper: DBL WB LM DB SB GEL JFF WFL JARS PG.