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Research Article

Weak Responses to Auditory Feedback Perturbation during Articulation in Persons Who Stutter: Evidence for Abnormal Auditory-Motor Transformation

  • Shanqing Cai mail,

    scai@bu.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Speech Communication Group, Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Deryk S. Beal,

    Affiliations: Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Speech Communication Group, Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Satrajit S. Ghosh,

    Affiliations: Speech Communication Group, Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Mark K. Tiede,

    Affiliations: Speech Communication Group, Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

    X
  • Frank H. Guenther,

    Affiliations: Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Joseph S. Perkell

    Affiliations: Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Speech Communication Group, Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Published: July 23, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041830

About the Authors

Shanqing Cai, Deryk S. Beal, Frank H. Guenther, Joseph S. Perkell
Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Shanqing Cai, Deryk S. Beal, Satrajit S. Ghosh, Mark K. Tiede, Joseph S. Perkell
Speech Communication Group, Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
Satrajit S. Ghosh, Joseph S. Perkell
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
Mark K. Tiede
Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
Frank H. Guenther
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: scai@bu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SC DSB SSG MKT FHG JSP. Performed the experiments: SC DSB. Analyzed the data: SC DSB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DSB. Wrote the paper: SC DSB SSG MKT FHG JSP.