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Research Article

Serological Evidence of Ebola Virus Infection in Indonesian Orangutans

  • Chairul A. Nidom equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Chairul A. Nidom, Eri Nakayama

    nidomca@unair.ac.id (CAN); atakada@czc.hokudai.ac.jp (AT)

    Affiliations: Avian Influenza-zoonosis Research Center, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia, Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

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  • Eri Nakayama equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Chairul A. Nidom, Eri Nakayama

    Affiliation: Division of Global Epidemiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan

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  • Reviany V. Nidom,

    Affiliations: Avian Influenza-zoonosis Research Center, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia, Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

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  • Mohamad Y. Alamudi,

    Affiliations: Avian Influenza-zoonosis Research Center, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia, Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

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  • Syafril Daulay,

    Affiliation: Center for Diagnostic Standard of Agriculture Quarantine, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Indi N. L. P. Dharmayanti,

    Affiliation: Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Science, Ministry of Agriculture, Bogor, Indonesia

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  • Yoes P. Dachlan,

    Affiliation: Tropical Disease Hospital, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

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  • Mohamad Amin,

    Affiliation: Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

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  • Manabu Igarashi,

    Affiliation: Division of Bioinformatics, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan

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  • Hiroko Miyamoto,

    Affiliation: Division of Global Epidemiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan

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  • Reiko Yoshida,

    Affiliation: Division of Global Epidemiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan

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  • Ayato Takada mail

    nidomca@unair.ac.id (CAN); atakada@czc.hokudai.ac.jp (AT)

    Affiliation: Division of Global Epidemiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan

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  • Published: July 18, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040740

About the Authors

Chairul A. Nidom, Reviany V. Nidom, Mohamad Y. Alamudi
Avian Influenza-zoonosis Research Center, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Chairul A. Nidom
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Chairul A. Nidom, Reviany V. Nidom, Mohamad Y. Alamudi, Mohamad Amin
Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Eri Nakayama, Hiroko Miyamoto, Reiko Yoshida, Ayato Takada
Division of Global Epidemiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan
Syafril Daulay
Center for Diagnostic Standard of Agriculture Quarantine, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, Indonesia
Indi N. L. P. Dharmayanti
Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Science, Ministry of Agriculture, Bogor, Indonesia
Yoes P. Dachlan
Tropical Disease Hospital, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Manabu Igarashi
Division of Bioinformatics, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Sapporo, Japan

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CAN EN AT. Performed the experiments: EN RVN MYA HM RY AT. Analyzed the data: EN MI AT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CAN MYA SD INLPD MA YPD. Wrote the paper: CAN EN AT.