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Research Article

Repeat Tracking of Individual Songbirds Reveals Consistent Migration Timing but Flexibility in Route

  • Calandra Q. Stanley equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Calandra Q. Stanley, Maggie MacPherson

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Maggie MacPherson equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Calandra Q. Stanley, Maggie MacPherson

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Kevin C. Fraser mail,

    fraserkev@gmail.com

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Emily A. McKinnon,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Bridget J. M. Stutchbury

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Published: July 25, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040688

About the Authors

Calandra Q. Stanley, Maggie MacPherson, Kevin C. Fraser, Emily A. McKinnon, Bridget J. M. Stutchbury
Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: fraserkev@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CS MM KF EM BS. Performed the experiments: CS MM KF EM BS. Analyzed the data: CS MM KF EM BS. Wrote the paper: CS MM KF EM BS.