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Research Article

A Trans-Amazonian Screening of mtDNA Reveals Deep Intraspecific Divergence in Forest Birds and Suggests a Vast Underestimation of Species Diversity

  • Borja Milá mail,

    b.mila@csic.es

    Affiliations: National Museum of Natural Sciences, Spanish Research Council (CSIC), Madrid, Spain, Center for Tropical Research, Institute for the Environment, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Erika S. Tavares,

    Affiliation: Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada

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  • Alberto Muñoz Saldaña,

    Affiliation: National Museum of Natural Sciences, Spanish Research Council (CSIC), Madrid, Spain

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  • Jordan Karubian,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

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  • Thomas B. Smith,

    Affiliations: Center for Tropical Research, Institute for the Environment, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Allan J. Baker

    Affiliation: Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada

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  • Published: July 17, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040541

About the Authors

Borja Milá, Alberto Muñoz Saldaña
National Museum of Natural Sciences, Spanish Research Council (CSIC), Madrid, Spain
Borja Milá, Thomas B. Smith
Center for Tropical Research, Institute for the Environment, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Erika S. Tavares, Allan J. Baker
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada
Jordan Karubian
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America
Thomas B. Smith
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: b.mila@csic.es

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BM. Performed the experiments: BM EST AMS. Analyzed the data: BM EST AMS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BM JK TBS AJB. Wrote the paper: BM. Provided comments on the manuscript: all authors.