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Research Article

Passerine Birds Breeding under Chronic Noise Experience Reduced Fitness

  • Julia Schroeder mail,

    julia.schroeder@gmail.com

    Affiliation: Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom

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  • Shinichi Nakagawa,

    Affiliations: Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom, Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Seewiesen, Germany

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  • Ian R. Cleasby,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom

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  • Terry Burke

    Affiliation: Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom

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  • Published: July 11, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039200

About the Authors

Julia Schroeder, Shinichi Nakagawa, Ian R. Cleasby, Terry Burke
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom
Shinichi Nakagawa
Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Shinichi Nakagawa
Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Seewiesen, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: julia.schroeder@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JS SN IC TB. Performed the experiments: SN IC. Analyzed the data: JS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TB SN. Wrote the paper: JS IC SN TB.