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Research Article

Frequent Arousal from Hibernation Linked to Severity of Infection and Mortality in Bats with White-Nose Syndrome

  • DeeAnn M. Reeder mail,

    dreeder@bucknell.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Craig L. Frank,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Fordham University, Armonk, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Gregory G. Turner,

    Affiliation: Pennsylvania Game Commission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Carol U. Meteyer,

    Affiliation: U.S. Geological Survey–National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

    X
  • Allen Kurta,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Eric R. Britzke,

    Affiliation: U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, Mississippi, United States of America

    X
  • Megan E. Vodzak,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Scott R. Darling,

    Affiliation: Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department, Rutland, Vermont, United States of America

    X
  • Craig W. Stihler,

    Affiliation: West Virginia Division of Natural Resources, Elkins, West Virginia, United States of America

    X
  • Alan C. Hicks,

    Affiliation: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Roymon Jacob,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Laura E. Grieneisen,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Sarah A. Brownlee,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Laura K. Muller,

    Affiliation: U.S. Geological Survey–National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

    X
  • David S. Blehert

    Affiliation: U.S. Geological Survey–National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

    X
  • Published: June 20, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038920

About the Authors

DeeAnn M. Reeder, Megan E. Vodzak, Roymon Jacob, Laura E. Grieneisen, Sarah A. Brownlee
Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Craig L. Frank
Department of Biological Sciences, Fordham University, Armonk, New York, United States of America
Gregory G. Turner
Pennsylvania Game Commission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Carol U. Meteyer, Laura K. Muller, David S. Blehert
U.S. Geological Survey–National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
Allen Kurta
Department of Biology, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan, United States of America
Eric R. Britzke
U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, Mississippi, United States of America
Scott R. Darling
Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department, Rutland, Vermont, United States of America
Craig W. Stihler
West Virginia Division of Natural Resources, Elkins, West Virginia, United States of America
Alan C. Hicks
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: dreeder@bucknell.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DMR CLF GGT AK ACH ERB SRD CWS DSB. Performed the experiments: DMR CLF GGT AK ACH ERB SRD CWS DSB CUM RJ LEG SAB MEV LKM DSB. Analyzed the data: DMR CLF DSB CUM RJ SAB MEV LEG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DMR CLF GGT AK ACH SRD CWS DSB CUM DSB. Wrote the paper: DMR CLF GGT DSB CUM MEV.