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Research Article

Leadership in Orchestra Emerges from the Causal Relationships of Movement Kinematics

  • Alessandro D'Ausilio,

    Affiliation: Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

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  • Leonardo Badino,

    Affiliation: Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

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  • Yi Li,

    Affiliation: Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Sera Tokay,

    Affiliations: Şişli Symphony Orchestra, Istanbul, Turkey, Philarmonie de Chambre Tokay, Paris, France

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  • Laila Craighero,

    Affiliation: DSBTA, Università di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Rosario Canto,

    Affiliations: Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy, DSBTA, Università di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Yiannis Aloimonos,

    Affiliation: Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Luciano Fadiga mail

    luciano.fadiga@iit.it

    Affiliations: Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy, DSBTA, Università di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Published: May 09, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035757

About the Authors

Alessandro D'Ausilio, Leonardo Badino, Rosario Canto, Luciano Fadiga
Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy
Yi Li, Yiannis Aloimonos
Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
Sera Tokay
Şişli Symphony Orchestra, Istanbul, Turkey
Sera Tokay
Philarmonie de Chambre Tokay, Paris, France
Laila Craighero, Rosario Canto, Luciano Fadiga
DSBTA, Università di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

Corresponding Author

Email: luciano.fadiga@iit.it

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LF ST LC. Performed the experiments: LF ST LC RC. Analyzed the data: LB YL YA AD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LF ST LC AD. Wrote the paper: LF AD LB.