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Research Article

Ocean Acidification and the Loss of Phenolic Substances in Marine Plants

  • Thomas Arnold mail,

    arnoldt@dickinson.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Biological Sciences, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Christopher Mealey,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Hannah Leahey,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • A. Whitman Miller,

    Affiliation: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Jason M. Hall-Spencer,

    Affiliation: School of Marine Science and Engineering, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom

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  • Marco Milazzo,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e del Mare, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy

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  • Kelly Maers

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Published: April 25, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035107

About the Authors

Thomas Arnold, Christopher Mealey, Hannah Leahey, Kelly Maers
Department of Biological Sciences, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Thomas Arnold, A. Whitman Miller
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America
Jason M. Hall-Spencer
School of Marine Science and Engineering, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom
Marco Milazzo
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e del Mare, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy

Corresponding Author

Email: arnoldt@dickinson.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TMA AWM. Performed the experiments: TMA AWM MM JHS CM HL KM. Analyzed the data: TMA AWM MM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TMA AWM MM JHS. Wrote the paper: TMA MM AWM JHS. Helped to organize the MedSeA training activity on the Island of Vulcano: MM JMH-S. Performed the statistical analysis: TMA.