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Research Article

Antibiotic Resistance Is Prevalent in an Isolated Cave Microbiome

  • Kirandeep Bhullar,

    Affiliation: M.G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Nicholas Waglechner,

    Affiliation: M.G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Andrew Pawlowski,

    Affiliation: M.G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Kalinka Koteva,

    Affiliation: M.G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Eric D. Banks,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Michael D. Johnston,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Hazel A. Barton,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Gerard D. Wright mail

    wrightge@mcmaster.ca

    Affiliation: M.G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Published: April 11, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034953

About the Authors

Kirandeep Bhullar, Nicholas Waglechner, Andrew Pawlowski, Kalinka Koteva, Gerard D. Wright
M.G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Eric D. Banks, Michael D. Johnston, Hazel A. Barton
Department of Biology, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: wrightge@mcmaster.ca

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GDW HAB KB. Performed the experiments: KB AP KK. Analyzed the data: KB NW AP KK HAB GDW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MDJ EDB. Wrote the paper: GDW HAB KB.