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Research Article

An Estimate of Avian Mortality at Communication Towers in the United States and Canada

  • Travis Longcore mail,

    longcore@urbanwildlands.org

    Affiliations: The Urban Wildlands Group, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Spatial Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Catherine Rich,

    Affiliation: The Urban Wildlands Group, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Pierre Mineau,

    Affiliation: National Wildlife Research Centre, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada

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  • Beau MacDonald,

    Affiliation: The Urban Wildlands Group, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Daniel G. Bert,

    Affiliation: National Wildlife Research Centre, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada

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  • Lauren M. Sullivan,

    Affiliation: Department of Geography, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Erin Mutrie,

    Affiliation: National Wildlife Research Centre, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada

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  • Sidney A. Gauthreaux Jr,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, United States of America

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  • Michael L. Avery,

    Affiliation: National Wildlife Research Center, Florida Field Station, United States Department of Agriculture/Wildlife Services, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

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  • Robert L. Crawford,

    Affiliation: Thomasville, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Albert M. Manville II,

    Affiliation: Division of Migratory Bird Management, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Emilie R. Travis,

    Affiliation: Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • David Drake

    Affiliation: Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Published: April 25, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034025

About the Authors

Travis Longcore, Catherine Rich, Beau MacDonald
The Urban Wildlands Group, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Travis Longcore
Spatial Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Pierre Mineau, Daniel G. Bert, Erin Mutrie
National Wildlife Research Centre, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Lauren M. Sullivan
Department of Geography, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Sidney A. Gauthreaux Jr
Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, United States of America
Michael L. Avery
National Wildlife Research Center, Florida Field Station, United States Department of Agriculture/Wildlife Services, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
Robert L. Crawford
Thomasville, Georgia, United States of America
Albert M. Manville II
Division of Migratory Bird Management, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America
Emilie R. Travis, David Drake
Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: longcore@urbanwildlands.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TL CR PM DGB BM SAG. Performed the experiments: TL PM DGB BM LMS EM. Analyzed the data: TL PM DGB BM LMS EM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TL PM DGB BM LMS EM ERT DD. Wrote the paper: TL CR PM DGB BM SAG MLA RLC AMM ERT.