# wombat urls ß PLOS ONE: Preserving and Using Germplasm and Dissociated Embryonic Cells for Conserving Caribbean and Pacific Coral
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Research Article

Preserving and Using Germplasm and Dissociated Embryonic Cells for Conserving Caribbean and Pacific Coral

  • Mary Hagedorn mail,

    hagedornm@si.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Reproductive Sciences, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Front Royal, Virginia, United States of America, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Virginia Carter,

    Affiliations: Department of Reproductive Sciences, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Front Royal, Virginia, United States of America, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Kelly Martorana,

    Affiliations: Department of Reproductive Sciences, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Front Royal, Virginia, United States of America, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Malia K. Paresa,

    Affiliations: Department of Reproductive Sciences, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Front Royal, Virginia, United States of America, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Jason Acker,

    Affiliation: Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta Canada

    X
  • Iliana B. Baums,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Eric Borneman,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Michael Brittsan,

    Affiliation: Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, Powell, Ohio, United States of America

    X
  • Michael Byers,

    Affiliation: General BioTechnology, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

    X
  • Michael Henley,

    Affiliation: Invertebrate Exhibit, Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Washington, District of Colombia, United States of America

    X
  • Michael Laterveer,

    Affiliation: Rotterdam Zoo, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Jo-Ann Leong,

    Affiliation: Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Megan McCarthy,

    Affiliation: Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Cell Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Stuart Meyers,

    Affiliation: Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Cell Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • Brian D. Nelson,

    Affiliation: Fishes Department, New England Aquarium, Central Wharf, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Dirk Petersen,

    Affiliation: Rotterdam Zoo, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

    X
  • Terrence Tiersch,

    Affiliation: Aquaculture Research Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America

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  • Rafael Cuevas Uribe,

    Affiliation: Aquaculture Research Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America

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  • Erik Woods,

    Affiliation: General BioTechnology, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

    X
  • David Wildt

    Affiliation: Department of Reproductive Sciences, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Front Royal, Virginia, United States of America

    X
  • Published: March 08, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033354

About the Authors

Mary Hagedorn, Virginia Carter, Kelly Martorana, Malia K. Paresa, David Wildt
Department of Reproductive Sciences, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Front Royal, Virginia, United States of America
Mary Hagedorn, Virginia Carter, Kelly Martorana, Malia K. Paresa, Jo-Ann Leong
Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, Hawaii, United States of America
Jason Acker
Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta Canada
Iliana B. Baums
Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Eric Borneman
Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, United States of America
Michael Brittsan
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, Powell, Ohio, United States of America
Michael Byers, Erik Woods
General BioTechnology, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America
Michael Henley
Invertebrate Exhibit, Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Washington, District of Colombia, United States of America
Michael Laterveer, Dirk Petersen
Rotterdam Zoo, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Megan McCarthy, Stuart Meyers
Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Cell Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
Brian D. Nelson
Fishes Department, New England Aquarium, Central Wharf, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Terrence Tiersch, Rafael Cuevas Uribe
Aquaculture Research Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: hagedornm@si.edu

Competing Interests

Mike Brittsan is employed by Columbus Zoo and Aquarium as a Curator, Erik Woods and Michael Byers are scientists employed by General BioTechnology, Micheal Laterveer and Dirk Petersen are Senior Aquarists employed by the Rotterdam Zoo, Brian Nelson is a Senior Aquarist employed by the Fishes Department, New England Aquarium are commercial institutions, however the Mary Hagedorn and David Wildt are Senior Scientists, Michael Henley is an animal keeper employed by the Smithsonian National Zoological Park part of the Smithsonian Institution. The Smithsonian is a Trust Instrumentality which is part federal, part Trust and a 5013C. This work was funded through support from: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (grant # NA07NMF4630109 to MH; grant # NA NA08NMF4630462 to IB); National Science Foundation (OCE – 0825979 to IB); Morris Animal Foundation (grant # D07ZO-053 to MH); Columbus Zoo and Aquarium Conservation Fund (to MH); Rotterdam Zoo, Green Foundation, Clyde and Connie Woodburn Foundation (to SECORE); Smithsonian Institution, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, University of California Davis and Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology and the Canadian Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). Nevertheless, this does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: M. Hagedorn VC KM MP JA MM SM TT RCU EB. Performed the experiments: M. Hagedorn VC KM MP JA MM SM TT RCU M. Byers. Analyzed the data: M. Hagedorn VC JA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EW M. Byers JL. Wrote the paper: M. Hagedorn VC EB IB DP TT DW. Collected coral gametes: M. Brittsan M. Henley ML BDN.