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Research Article

Human Remains from the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition of Southwest China Suggest a Complex Evolutionary History for East Asians

  • Darren Curnoe mail,

    d.curnoe@unsw.edu.au (DC); jxping@public.km.yn.cn (JX)

    Affiliation: School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Ji Xueping mail,

    d.curnoe@unsw.edu.au (DC); jxping@public.km.yn.cn (JX)

    Affiliations: Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology, Kunming, Yunnan, China, Archeology Research Center, Yunnan University, Kunming, Yunnan, China

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  • Andy I. R. Herries,

    Affiliation: Archaeomagnetism Laboratory, Archaeology Program, School of Historical and European Studies, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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  • Bai Kanning,

    Affiliation: Honghe Prefectural Institute of Cultural Relics, Mengzi, Yunnan, China

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  • Paul S. C. Taçon,

    Affiliation: Place, Evolution and Rock Art Heritage Unit, School of Humanities, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Southport, Queensland, Australia

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  • Bao Zhende,

    Affiliation: Mengzi Institute of Cultural Relics, Mengzi, Yunnan, China

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  • David Fink,

    Affiliation: Institute for Environmental Research, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Sydney, Australia

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  • Zhu Yunsheng,

    Affiliation: Honghe Prefectural Institute of Cultural Relics, Mengzi, Yunnan, China

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  • John Hellstrom,

    Affiliation: School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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  • Luo Yun,

    Affiliation: Mengzi Institute of Cultural Relics, Mengzi, Yunnan, China

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  • Gerasimos Cassis,

    Affiliation: School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Su Bing,

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology and Kunming Primate Research Centre, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China

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  • Stephen Wroe,

    Affiliation: School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Hong Shi,

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology and Kunming Primate Research Centre, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China

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  • William C. H. Parr,

    Affiliation: School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Huang Shengmin,

    Affiliation: Youjiang Nationalities Museum, Baise, Guangxi, China

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  • Natalie Rogers

    Affiliation: School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Published: March 14, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031918

About the Authors

Darren Curnoe, Gerasimos Cassis, Stephen Wroe, William C. H. Parr, Natalie Rogers
School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Ji Xueping
Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology, Kunming, Yunnan, China
Ji Xueping
Archeology Research Center, Yunnan University, Kunming, Yunnan, China
Andy I. R. Herries
Archaeomagnetism Laboratory, Archaeology Program, School of Historical and European Studies, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Bai Kanning, Zhu Yunsheng
Honghe Prefectural Institute of Cultural Relics, Mengzi, Yunnan, China
Paul S. C. Taçon
Place, Evolution and Rock Art Heritage Unit, School of Humanities, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Southport, Queensland, Australia
Bao Zhende, Luo Yun
Mengzi Institute of Cultural Relics, Mengzi, Yunnan, China
David Fink
Institute for Environmental Research, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Sydney, Australia
John Hellstrom
School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Su Bing, Hong Shi
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology and Kunming Primate Research Centre, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
Huang Shengmin
Youjiang Nationalities Museum, Baise, Guangxi, China

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DC JX AH BK PT BZ DF ZY JH LY GC SB SW HS WP HS NR. Performed the experiments: DC JX AH BK PT BZ DF ZY JH LY GC SB SW HS WP HS NR. Analyzed the data: DC JX AH BK PT BZ DF ZY JH LY GC SB SW HS WP HS NR. Wrote the paper: DC JX AH BK PT BZ DF ZY JH LY GC SB SW HS WP HS NR.