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Research Article

Overtime Work as a Predictor of Major Depressive Episode: A 5-Year Follow-Up of the Whitehall II Study

  • Marianna Virtanen mail,

    marianna.virtanen@ttl.fi

    Affiliation: Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Stephen A. Stansfeld,

    Affiliation: Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Rebecca Fuhrer,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

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  • Jane E. Ferrie,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom, School of Community and Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Mika Kivimäki

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: January 25, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030719

About the Authors

Marianna Virtanen
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
Stephen A. Stansfeld
Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom
Rebecca Fuhrer
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Jane E. Ferrie, Mika Kivimäki
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Jane E. Ferrie
School of Community and Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: marianna.virtanen@ttl.fi

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JEF MK RF MV SAS. Performed the experiments: JEF MK RF MV. Analyzed the data: MV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RF JEF SAS. Wrote the paper: MV SAS RF JEF MK.