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Research Article

Zoonotic Viruses Associated with Illegally Imported Wildlife Products

  • Kristine M. Smith equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Kristine M. Smith, Simon J. Anthony

    ksmith@ecohealthalliance.org

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, United States of America

    Current address: EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Simon J. Anthony equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Kristine M. Smith, Simon J. Anthony

    Affiliations: EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, United States of America, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • William M. Switzer,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Jonathan H. Epstein,

    Affiliation: EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Tracie Seimon,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Hongwei Jia,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Maria D. Sanchez,

    Affiliations: EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, United States of America, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Thanh Thao Huynh,

    Affiliation: Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • G. Gale Galland,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Sheryl E. Shapiro,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Jonathan M. Sleeman,

    Affiliation: United States Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

    X
  • Denise McAloose,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Margot Stuchin,

    Affiliations: Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America, Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • George Amato,

    Affiliation: Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Sergios-Orestis Kolokotronis,

    Affiliation: Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • W. Ian Lipkin,

    Affiliation: Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • William B. Karesh,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, United States of America

    Current address: EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Peter Daszak,

    Affiliation: EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Nina Marano

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Published: January 10, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029505

About the Authors

Kristine M. Smith, Tracie Seimon, Denise McAloose, William B. Karesh
Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America
Kristine M. Smith, Simon J. Anthony, Jonathan H. Epstein, Maria D. Sanchez, William B. Karesh, Peter Daszak
EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, United States of America
William M. Switzer, Hongwei Jia, G. Gale Galland, Sheryl E. Shapiro, Nina Marano
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Simon J. Anthony, Tracie Seimon, Maria D. Sanchez, Margot Stuchin, W. Ian Lipkin
Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
Thanh Thao Huynh
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, Massachusetts, United States of America
Jonathan M. Sleeman
United States Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
Margot Stuchin, George Amato, Sergios-Orestis Kolokotronis
Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: ksmith@ecohealthalliance.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KS SA WS NM GG SS JE TS PD DM WK WL GA S-OK JS. Performed the experiments: KS SA TS M.Sanchez M.Stuchin HJ WS SS TH DM S-OK. Analyzed the data: KS SA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KS WL WS JS GA NM GG SS PD JE WK. Wrote the paper: KS SA WS. Provided access to confiscated specimens: NM GG.