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Research Article

Multiple Routes of Pesticide Exposure for Honey Bees Living Near Agricultural Fields

  • Christian H. Krupke mail,

    ckrupke@purdue.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Greg J. Hunt,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Brian D. Eitzer,

    Affiliation: Department of Analytical Chemistry, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Gladys Andino,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Krispn Given

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Published: January 03, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029268

About the Authors

Christian H. Krupke, Greg J. Hunt, Gladys Andino, Krispn Given
Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America
Brian D. Eitzer
Department of Analytical Chemistry, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: ckrupke@purdue.edu

Competing Interests

CK has received funding in the past from agrochemical companies that manufacture and distribute a wide range of pesticides, including many of those mentioned in this manuscript. These entities include the Bayer Corporation, BASF and Syngenta. None of these entities were involved with this work or are aware of it in any way, financial or otherwise. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CK GH BE. Performed the experiments: CK BE GA. Analyzed the data: CK BE. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BE CK. Wrote the paper: CK GH BE. Maintained and transported honeybee colonies used for these experiments: KG.