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Research Article

New Ophthalmosaurid Ichthyosaurs from the European Lower Cretaceous Demonstrate Extensive Ichthyosaur Survival across the Jurassic–Cretaceous Boundary

  • Valentin Fischer mail,

    v.fischer@ulg.ac.be

    Affiliations: Geology department, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium, Paleontology Department, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium

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  • Michael W. Maisch,
  • Darren Naish,

    Affiliations: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom, School of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

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  • Ralf Kosma,

    Affiliation: Staatliches Naturhistorisches Museum, Braunschweig, Germany

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  • Jeff Liston,

    Affiliation: Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, School of Life Sciences, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland

    Current address: National Museums Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland

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  • Ulrich Joger,

    Affiliation: Staatliches Naturhistorisches Museum, Braunschweig, Germany

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  • Fritz J. Krüger,

    Affiliation: Staatliches Naturhistorisches Museum, Braunschweig, Germany

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  • Judith Pardo Pérez,

    Affiliation: Institut für Geowissenschaften, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

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  • Jessica Tainsh,

    Affiliation: Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, School of Life Sciences, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland

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  • Robert M. Appleby †

    † Deceased.

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  • Published: January 03, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029234
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Valentin Fischer
Geology department, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
Valentin Fischer
Paleontology Department, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium
Darren Naish
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom
Darren Naish
School of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
Ralf Kosma, Ulrich Joger, Fritz J. Krüger
Staatliches Naturhistorisches Museum, Braunschweig, Germany
Jeff Liston, Jessica Tainsh
Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, School of Life Sciences, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
Judith Pardo Pérez
Institut für Geowissenschaften, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: v.fischer@ulg.ac.be

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: VF. Performed the experiments: VF. Analyzed the data: VF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: UJ RK FJK. Wrote the paper: VF DN JL RK. Described the Cremlingen specimen: VF MWM JPP. Described the Speeton specimen: VF RMA JT. Described the CAMSM and BMNH specimens: VF.