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Research Article

High-Frequency Dynamics of Ocean pH: A Multi-Ecosystem Comparison

  • Gretchen E. Hofmann,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, United States of America

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  • Jennifer E. Smith,

    Affiliation: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Kenneth S. Johnson,

    Affiliation: Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California, United States of America

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  • Uwe Send,

    Affiliation: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Lisa A. Levin,

    Affiliation: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Fiorenza Micheli,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, California, United States of America

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  • Adina Paytan,

    Affiliation: Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Nichole N. Price,

    Affiliation: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Brittany Peterson,

    Affiliation: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Yuichiro Takeshita,

    Affiliation: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Paul G. Matson,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, United States of America

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  • Elizabeth Derse Crook,

    Affiliation: Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Kristy J. Kroeker,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, California, United States of America

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  • Maria Cristina Gambi,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Functional and Evolutionary Ecology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, Naples, Italy

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  • Emily B. Rivest,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, United States of America

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  • Christina A. Frieder,

    Affiliation: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Pauline C. Yu,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, United States of America

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  • Todd R. Martz mail

    trmartz@ucsd.edu

    Affiliation: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Published: December 19, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028983

About the Authors

Gretchen E. Hofmann, Paul G. Matson, Emily B. Rivest, Pauline C. Yu
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, United States of America
Jennifer E. Smith, Uwe Send, Lisa A. Levin, Nichole N. Price, Brittany Peterson, Yuichiro Takeshita, Christina A. Frieder, Todd R. Martz
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
Kenneth S. Johnson
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California, United States of America
Fiorenza Micheli, Kristy J. Kroeker
Department of Biology, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, California, United States of America
Adina Paytan, Elizabeth Derse Crook
Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America
Maria Cristina Gambi
Laboratory of Functional and Evolutionary Ecology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, Naples, Italy

Corresponding Author

Email: trmartz@ucsd.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GEH TRM JES KSJ US LAL FM AP. Performed the experiments: BP YT JES US AP NNP PGM EDC KJK MCG EBR CAF PCY. Analyzed the data: GEH JES KSJ US LAL FM AP NNP PGM EDC KJK EBR CAF PCY TRM. Wrote the paper: GEH TRM.