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Research Article

Physical Properties of Biological Entities: An Introduction to the Ontology of Physics for Biology

  • Daniel L. Cook mail,

    dcook@u.washington.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Division of Biomedical and Health Informatics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Fred L. Bookstein,

    Affiliations: Department of Statistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

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  • John H. Gennari

    Affiliation: Division of Biomedical and Health Informatics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Published: December 27, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028708

About the Authors

Daniel L. Cook
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Daniel L. Cook
Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Daniel L. Cook, John H. Gennari
Division of Biomedical and Health Informatics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Fred L. Bookstein
Department of Statistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Fred L. Bookstein
Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Corresponding Author

Email: dcook@u.washington.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DLC FLB JHG. Wrote the paper: DLC FLB JHG. Designed and curated ontology: DLC. Contributed physical theory: FLB. Contributed ontology theory: JHG.