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Research Article

Elevational Ranges of Birds on a Tropical Montane Gradient Lag behind Warming Temperatures

  • German Forero-Medina,

    Affiliation: Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • John Terborgh,

    Affiliations: Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Duke University Center for Tropical Conservation, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • S. Jacob Socolar,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Stuart L. Pimm mail

    stuartpimm@me.com

    Affiliation: Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Published: December 07, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028535

About the Authors

German Forero-Medina, John Terborgh, Stuart L. Pimm
Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
John Terborgh
Duke University Center for Tropical Conservation, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
S. Jacob Socolar
Department of Biology, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: stuartpimm@me.com

Competing Interests

The project was partially funded by Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GF-M SLP JT. Performed the experiments: GF-M JT SJS. Analyzed the data: GF-M SLP JT SJS. Wrote the paper: GF-M SLP JT SJS.