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Research Article

Noise Pollution Filters Bird Communities Based on Vocal Frequency

  • Clinton D. Francis mail,

    clinton.francis@nescent.org

    Affiliation: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America

    Current address: National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Catherine P. Ortega,

    Affiliation: San Juan Institute of Natural and Cultural Resources, Fort Lewis College, Durango, Colorado, United States of America

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  • Alexander Cruz

    Affiliation: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America

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  • Published: November 09, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027052

About the Authors

Clinton D. Francis, Alexander Cruz
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America
Catherine P. Ortega
San Juan Institute of Natural and Cultural Resources, Fort Lewis College, Durango, Colorado, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: clinton.francis@nescent.org

Competing Interests

The authors have read the journal's policy and have the following conflicts: This study was partially funded by ConocoPhillips and Williams Energy. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CDF CPO. Performed the experiments: CDF CPO. Analyzed the data: CDF. Wrote the paper: CDF. Acquisition of funding: CDF CPO AC. Revision of manuscript and approval of version: CDF CPO AC.