Advertisement
Research Article

Population Status of a Cryptic Top Predator: An Island-Wide Assessment of Tigers in Sumatran Rainforests

  • Hariyo T. Wibisono,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia, Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Matthew Linkie mail,

    matthew.linkie@fauna-flora.org

    Affiliations: Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom

    X
  • Gurutzeta Guillera-Arroita,

    Affiliation: National Centre for Statistical Ecology, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom

    X
  • Joseph A. Smith,

    Affiliations: Zoological Society of London - Indonesia Programme, Bogor, Indonesia, Panthera, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Sunarto,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, World Wide Fund for Nature-Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia, Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

    X
  • Wulan Pusparini,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia, Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Asriadi,

    Affiliation: Fauna & Flora International - Indonesia Programme, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Pandu Baroto,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia, Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Nick Brickle,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Yoan Dinata,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Elva Gemita,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Zoological Society of London - Indonesia Programme, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Donny Gunaryadi,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Iding A. Haidir,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Indonesian Ministry of Forestry, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Herwansyah,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia, Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Indri Karina,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Leuser International Foundation, Medan, Indonesia

    X
  • Dedy Kiswayadi,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Fauna & Flora International - Indonesia Programme, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Decki Kristiantono,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia, Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Harry Kurniawan,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, World Wide Fund for Nature-Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • José J. Lahoz-Monfort,

    Affiliation: National Centre for Statistical Ecology, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom

    X
  • Nigel Leader-Williams,

    Affiliations: Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Tom Maddox,

    Affiliation: Zoological Society of London - Indonesia Programme, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Deborah J. Martyr,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Maryati,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Fauna & Flora International - Indonesia Programme, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Agung Nugroho,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Fauna & Flora International - Indonesia Programme, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Karmila Parakkasi,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, World Wide Fund for Nature-Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Dolly Priatna,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Zoological Society of London - Indonesia Programme, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Eka Ramadiyanta,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Leuser International Foundation, Medan, Indonesia

    X
  • Widodo S. Ramono,

    Affiliation: Rhino Foundation of Indonesia, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Goddilla V. Reddy,

    Affiliation: Leuser International Foundation, Medan, Indonesia

    X
  • Ente J. J. Rood,

    Affiliation: Fauna & Flora International - Indonesia Programme, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Doddy Y. Saputra,

    Affiliation: Fauna & Flora International - Indonesia Programme, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Ahmad Sarimudi,

    Affiliation: Leuser International Foundation, Medan, Indonesia

    X
  • Adnun Salampessy,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia, Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Zoological Society of London - Indonesia Programme, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Eka Septayuda,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, World Wide Fund for Nature-Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Tonny Suhartono,

    Affiliation: Indonesian Ministry of Forestry, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Ade Sumantri,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Susilo,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia, Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Iswandri Tanjung,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia, Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia

    X
  • Tarmizi,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Leuser International Foundation, Medan, Indonesia

    X
  • Koko Yulianto,

    Affiliation: World Wide Fund for Nature-Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Mohammad Yunus,

    Affiliations: Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia, Sumatran Tiger Conservation Program, Lampung, Indonesia

    X
  • Zulfahmi

    Affiliation: World Wide Fund for Nature-Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

    X
  • Published: November 02, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025931

About the Authors

Hariyo T. Wibisono, Wulan Pusparini, Pandu Baroto, Nick Brickle, Donny Gunaryadi, Herwansyah, Decki Kristiantono, Adnun Salampessy, Ade Sumantri, Susilo, Iswandri Tanjung
Wildlife Conservation Society - Indonesia Program, Bogor, Indonesia
Hariyo T. Wibisono, Sunarto, Wulan Pusparini, Pandu Baroto, Yoan Dinata, Elva Gemita, Iding A. Haidir, Herwansyah, Indri Karina, Dedy Kiswayadi, Decki Kristiantono, Harry Kurniawan, Deborah J. Martyr, Maryati, Agung Nugroho, Karmila Parakkasi, Dolly Priatna, Eka Ramadiyanta, Adnun Salampessy, Eka Septayuda, Susilo, Iswandri Tanjung, Tarmizi, Mohammad Yunus
Forum HarimauKita, Bogor, Indonesia
Matthew Linkie, Yoan Dinata, Elva Gemita, Deborah J. Martyr
Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Matthew Linkie, Nigel Leader-Williams
Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom
Gurutzeta Guillera-Arroita, José J. Lahoz-Monfort
National Centre for Statistical Ecology, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom
Joseph A. Smith, Elva Gemita, Tom Maddox, Dolly Priatna, Adnun Salampessy
Zoological Society of London - Indonesia Programme, Bogor, Indonesia
Joseph A. Smith
Panthera, New York, New York, United States of America
Sunarto, Harry Kurniawan, Karmila Parakkasi, Eka Septayuda, Koko Yulianto, Zulfahmi
World Wide Fund for Nature-Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Sunarto
Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
Asriadi, Dedy Kiswayadi, Maryati, Agung Nugroho, Ente J. J. Rood, Doddy Y. Saputra
Fauna & Flora International - Indonesia Programme, Jakarta, Indonesia
Iding A. Haidir, Tonny Suhartono
Indonesian Ministry of Forestry, Jakarta, Indonesia
Indri Karina, Eka Ramadiyanta, Goddilla V. Reddy, Ahmad Sarimudi, Tarmizi
Leuser International Foundation, Medan, Indonesia
Nigel Leader-Williams
Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Widodo S. Ramono
Rhino Foundation of Indonesia, Bogor, Indonesia
Mohammad Yunus
Sumatran Tiger Conservation Program, Lampung, Indonesia

Corresponding Author

Email: matthew.linkie@fauna-flora.org

Competing Interests

During manuscript preparation, one co-author (JS) took up a position with one of the funders (Panthera). However, this does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ML HW JS S NB. Performed the experiments: ML HW JS S WP AA PB YD EG DG IH HH IK D.Kiswayadi D.Kristiantono DM HK TM MM AN KP DP ER WR GR ER DS A.Sarimunid A. Salampessy ES A.Sumnatri SS IT TT KY MY ZZ. Analyzed the data: GG-A JL-M ML HW JS. Wrote the paper: ML GG-A HW JS NL-M S JL-M TS.